One of the newest Immigration Services in the world, the Migration Service of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste (Serviço de Migração) was established in its current form in early 2003 as a Department of the Timor-Leste National Police (PNTL). In August 2008, it assumed its current name and became a separate Service in its own right within the Ministry of Defense and Security with the promulgation of the Ministry’s organic structure decree law 31/2008 and in 2009 the promulgation of Migration Service Organic law nr 30/2009.
Currently the Migration Service is integrated into the Ministry of the Interior under the terms of Decree Law nr. 14/2019 of 10th July, which establishes the structure of the Ministry of the Interior.
The Migration Service has over one hundred and sixty four (164) staffs, and is responsible for civilian immigration control functions at all land border crossing points, airports and ports. The Service decides visas that may be granted on arrival at a border crossing, and at the Embassies/Consulates and processes applications for further visas that may be granted to people after arrival in Timor Leste.
The Service is also responsible for administering other functions of the Migration and Asylum Law nr. 11/2017, including registration of foreigners and legislated enforcement powers according to its.